The movie was filmed on location at the Corriganville Ranch in Simi Valley, California, home of hundreds of western movies and television shows through the decades as well as such outdoor action films as The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) and Jungle Jim (1948). Additional location work for the film took place in and around Gallup, New Mexico.
Several of the group, mostly Blake's men, are killed or wounded in skirmishes or ambushes, including Blake's Indian scout Henry. Johnny Willow takes over scouting duties, while Teresa flirts with Keith. Stanfield encourages Keith, who is annoyed at Blake's leadership and the way Prescott and Johnny are going along with it, to mutiny. Keith's first attempt is interrupted by an Apache attack but, in the aftermath, he challenges Blake, who easily defeats him. After this, Keith largely falls into line and decides to take out his anger on the Apache rather than Blake. During an Apache attack, Stanfield frees Corbin so that he can complete the deal with the Apache, but Corbin betrays and kills him. Corbin then attempts to deliver some of the rifles, but the Apache kill him on sight and Blake's group is able to recover them.
Most film guides include in their entry for this film a quote attributed to Eastwood, "probably the lousiest Western ever made." Eastwood recalled how he felt when he saw the film at a movie theatre. In a 1978 interview he said he felt "really depressed" at the time and said of the film "It was sooo [sic] bad I just kept sinking lower and lower in my seat. I said to my wife 'I'm going to quit, I'm really going to quit. I gotta go back to school, I got to start doing something with my life.' "
It is the winter of 2018, the men and women of the UAE military are deployed to provide aid. At the Mocha Base, spirits are high as three Emirati soldiers anticipate an imminent return home. While on their final routine patrol, the three soldiers, Ali, Bilal and Hindasi are ambushed by heavily armed militants on their route, through a narrow canyon. Trapped, wounded, and out of communication range, the three soldiers realize the gravity of their situation. They are running out of options, munitions - and time. Back at the base, their commander receives word and realizes that the assault on the UAE army patrol was premeditated. A rescue mission is quickly put into action, but will air and land support reach the men in time, and will they survive?
Morel has the action chops to tell a story like this one, and it definitely has echoes of "Black Hawk Down," the movie that told the story of U.S. troops pinned down by Somali rebels in Mogadishu during a 1993 mission.
When the film was released in India earlier this year, Morel told news site WION, "I have always wanted to work on a war story. I have previously done thriller stories, but none that were about war and based on a true story. Even though the movie is specifically based on UAE and Yemen, it is a universal story; it is all about brotherhood and sacrifice."
What you see on screen is far more accomplished than the usual straight-to-video action fare. It's a different perspective on a modern war movie, made by filmmakers looking to share a story that was a huge moment in one country's history in hopes that the rest of the world would get a chance to learn about the mission. "The Ambush" is certainly worth a look.
Ambush predators minimize the distance between themselves and their prey over short time scales (Pianka, 1966; Huey et al., 1984; Webb, 1984; Garland and Losos, 1994; Miles et al., 2007; McBrayer and Wylie, 2009). The predator must avoid detection (Bailey, 1986; Kral et al., 2000; Bilcke et al., 2006; Eskew et al., 2009), attain high accelerations and speeds (Cooper et al., 1985; Alfaro, 2002; reviewed in McBrayer and Wylie, 2009), and retain some control over strike kinematics (van Leeuwen et al., 2000; Deban et al., 2001). To achieve these goals, ambush predators use three strategies to capture prey: (1) concealment through burrows or camouflage, (2) quick traverse of a potentially large distance to prey and (3) rapid attack to impact prey before escape. These strategies enable ambush predators to capture highly mobile prey that move within their striking distance, as opposed to foraging for sedentary prey, which are often consumed by widely foraging predators (Huey and Pianka, 1981; Greef and Whiting, 2000; Scharf et al., 2006). The morphological and kinematic strategies of ambush predators have been well studied in terrestrial animals, including the burst locomotion of lizards (Casatti and Castro, 2006; Miles et al., 2007; McBrayer and Wylie, 2009), the protrusible tongues of frogs (reviewed in van Leeuwen et al., 2000), the prey-capture appendages of the praying mantis (Corrette, 1990), and web building in spiders to facilitate ambush predation (Riechert and Luczak, 1982), but few studies have examined ambush predation in aquatic systems. Here, we addressed basic questions about the mechanics, scaling and variation of aquatic ambush strikes in mantis shrimp (Stomatopoda).
In an aquatic environment, ambush predators must overcome challenges imposed by the density and viscosity of water. Some ambush predators, including snakes, fish and insects (Daniels, 1982; Cooper et al., 1985; Bailey, 1986; Formanowicz and Brodie, 1988; Alfaro, 2002; Bilcke et al., 2006; Hulbert et al., 2006; Ostrand et al., 2004; Sano and Kurokura, 2011) orient their bodies toward the prey so that they can strike quickly and accurately, while also minimizing disturbance to the water around them. Alternatively, some ambush predators, such as copepods that sit motionlessly in the water column to prevent detection by the prey (Kiørboe et al., 2010), are known to locate prey using hydrodynamic cues, which they then exploit to precisely time attacks (Jiang and Paffenhöfer, 2008). Upon striking, aquatic ambush predators must effectively manipulate their strikes so as not to push water, and therefore the prey, out of the range of attack. The garter snake, Thamnophis rufipunctatus, ambushes prey from a hiding place by producing a rapid scissor strike that may drive water into the mouth and increase the chances of capturing prey (Alfaro, 2002). The wrasse, Serrranus cabrilla, which uses the power of suction feeding to capture evasive fish prey, produces higher flow velocities in the buccal cavity compared with the widely foraging species Serrranus scriba, when the two species are given the same prey items (Viladiu et al., 1999).
Considering ambush predation more broadly, the kinematics are as much about the escape response of the prey as the speed of the predator. Thus, one would predict that ambush predators should require strikes of the greatest speed and shortest duration to give an element of surprise, compared with foragers of sedentary prey which should not need strikes of high speed and short duration (Cooper et al., 1985; Viladiu et al., 1999; Webb, 1984; Wilga et al., 2007). Support for this prediction is provided by several groups of small aquatic ambush predators, such as odonate larvae, hemipterans and juvenile guppies (Gambusia affinis). The ambush predators that consume evasive, fast-moving plankton strike with higher accelerations compared with closely related species that forage for sedentary planktonic prey (Cooper et al., 1985).
Empirical studies in terrestrial lizards and birds, which compare ambush to active predatory kinematics, support the idea that ambush predators may not need to produce extremely fast speeds to successfully capture prey (Huey and Pianka, 1981; Eckhardt, 1979). Desert lacertid lizards that ambush mobile coleopteran prey exhibit slower mean running velocities compared with actively foraging lizards, which consume relatively sedentary termite prey (Huey and Pianka, 1981). Simulation studies modeling the success of ambush versus active predation as a function of prey velocity and predator strike velocity further show that when predators do not move as fast as their prey, the ambush strategy yields greater capture success, because encounter rates with prey are greater compared with the active-foraging strategy (Scharf et al., 2006; Avgar et al., 2008; Scharf et al., 2008).
The combined observations that (1) the larger L. maculata moves more slowly than the tiny A. vicina, (2) both L. maculata and A. vicina fully extend long appendages, yielding slower strikes than smashing mantis shrimp species, and (3) other aquatic predators of evasive prey operate at similar speeds to L. maculata, suggest trade-offs between reach, accuracy and speed in aquatic ambush predators. Specifically, an aquatic ambush predator must overcome the challenges of rapidly traversing a potentially large distance between the hiding place and the prey while also striking accurately over short time scales. For example, the large, slow L. maculata has a long reach that permits acquisition of unsuspecting prey at great distances, and their use of direct muscle control rather than a pre-loaded elastic system may permit greater accuracy and control during the strike. Decreasing the speed and acceleration of prey capture in some fish predators has been shown to increase accuracy, because the predator has more time to adjust its alignment towards the prey before making contact (Higham, 2007). Likewise, small individuals with short appendages, such as A. vicina, have a smaller striking range and an increased chance of contacting their prey, and, therefore, can strike at greater speeds without incurring a loss of accuracy. Future studies considering the combined roles of kinematics, energetics and prey escape behavior will hopefully begin to reveal the proximate and evolutionary factors leading to these distinct prey-capture strategies.
This paper provides an empirical insight into the perception and use of ambush marketing on the People's Republic of China public television network CCTV5 (the official Olympic broadcaster), by examining the commercials used by various corporations during its coverage of the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens. A five-point categorization is presented to distinguish between various methods of ambushing. Despite the efforts of the Beijing government to fight ambush marketing ahead of its Olympic Games in 2008, the results demonstrate that concerns about the practice of ambush marketing in China must be taken seriously. An analysis of 40 commercial spots was carried out, based on China's 2002 Olympic Symbol Protection Law, as well as a comparison of ambush marketing on Chinese CCTV5 with nine other nations. This paper concludes with some theoretical considerations concerning general protection of Olympic sponsors and reflects on particular cultural backgrounds in China that may relate to ambush marketing. 2b1af7f3a8